International Journal of Science and Healthcare Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2019 | Month: January-March | Volume: 4 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 337-344

Decomposition Process of Disposable Baby Diapers in Organic Waste with Takakura Method

Zulfikar1, Wiwit Aditama2, Nasrullah3

1Politeknik Kesehatan Aceh, Badan Pengembangan dan Pemberdayaan Sumber Daya Manusia Kesehatan,
2Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, Jln Soekarno-Hatta Kampus Terpadu Poltekkes Aceh, Darul
3Imarah Aceh Besar 23352 Telepon 0651-46128

Corresponding Author: Zulfikar


Disposable baby diapers are usually considered as problematic non-biodegradable waste because it is made of sodium polyacrylate molecule. However, because of the high content of cellulose, disposable baby diapers waste can be recycled biologically. The objective of this study is to know the decomposition process of disposable baby diapers with organic waste into compost fertilizer according to the fertilization standard. This was an experimental study conducted by dividing 5 treatment groups, namely: P1 as control, P2 with the ratio of 20:80, P3 with the ratio of 40:60, P4 with the ratio of 60:40, and P5 with the ratio of 80:20. During the composting process the observations were conducted to the measurement variables of temperature, humidity, volume reduction and pH and final analysis of compost fertilizer. The study results showed that the highest mean of temperature was 53.3°C occurred at the beginning of the treatment and it was gradually decreased, then the mean of composting moisture persisted at 76% - 100% until the third week of the composting process and decreased to 4.43% in P1 and 25.71% in P5 in the last week of composting. The largest volume reduction occurred in P1 group that was equal to 10,5 liter, whereas the volume reduction in P5 group was 8,6 liter. The highest pH of 8 occurred in all treatments except P5 and there was only an effect of diapers on the composting humidity with p = 0,000. The quality of the compost produced has met the composting standard based on SNI No. 19-7030-2004 with the best ratio in P3 group, so it can be used for compost fertilizer material as a real alternative to 3R system.

Keywords: diapers, compost, Takakura

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