International Journal of Science and Healthcare Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2018 | Month: October-December | Volume: 3 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 9-16

Environmental Health Risk Assessment in Flood Prone Area; Case Study in Wajo District

Syamsuar1, Anwar Daud1, Ida Leida Maria1, Muh. Hatta2

1Public Health Faculty, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia
2Marine Science Faculty, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia

Corresponding Author: Syamsuar


Background: Environmental Health Risk Assessment (EHRA) is one of the appropriate methods used in the study of the impact or risk of flooding on public health in flood-prone areas. This article aims to analyze environmental health risks in flood-prone areas with a case study in Wajo District, South Sulawesi which is prone to flooding that occurs every year.
Method: This type of research is observational with a descriptive approach that analyzes the environmental health risks in flood-prone areas in Wajo District, namely Tempe District and Sabbangparu District. The sample in this study were all people aged> 15 years in areas affected by flooding that occurred in Wajo District in the Tempe and Sabbangparu Districts as many as 398 people. Data were analyzed descriptively in the table with reference to EHRA standards.
Discussion: Environmental health risk assessment in Wajo District showed that Wiringpalannae and Mattirotappareng villages is in a very high risk category, Salomenraleng and Salotengnga villages are in the high risk category, Laelo, Pallimae, Mallusesalo, Worongnge, Liu, Ugi, and Walannae are in the risk category moderate, and the Tadangpalie and Watalippue villages are in the less risky category.
Recommendation: This research will become a literature and in the framework of determining the direction of health care policies and efforts to overcome environmental based diseases such in people living in areas affected by flooding in Wajo District.

Keywords: EHRA, Flood-prone areas, Floods, Wajo District.

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