International Journal of Science and Healthcare Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2019 | Month: January-March | Volume: 4 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 326-331

Morphological Pattern of Bone Lesions: Study of 204 Cases

Suad Mohamed Omer1, HananAbdoSalim2, HussunSaeedJezan3

1Department of Morphology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. University of Aden. Yemen.
2Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. University of Aden. Yemen.
3Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. University of Aden. Yemen

Corresponding Author: HussunSaeedJezan


Objective: To study histopathology of bone lesions and correlate them with age, gender and site of occurrence
Subject and Methods: Retrospective study done of all bone lesions in for a period of 6 years from January 2008‑December 2014 was done.
Results: Bone lesions were more common in males124 (60.8%) than in females80 (39.2%) (p-value < 0.005)
The most frequent age group affected with bone lesion was less than 20 105(51.5%). Amongst non-neoplastic lesions, nonspecific osteomyelitis 24(11.8%) and actimomycosis19 (9.3%) affected all age groups.
The most common benign tumors was osteochondroma representing 50(24.5%) while Giant cell tumor was the second frequent 31(15.2%). Osteosarcoma was diagnosed in 14(13.6%) cases
Amongst the tumor like lesions, the commonest were the simple cyst 11(5.4%) predominant in age 20-40. ( p-value < 0.001).
Actinomycosis affected only metatarsal bone 19(9.3 %). Nonspecific osteomyelitis 12(5.9%), tuberculous osteomyelitis 5(2.5%)
The frequent site of benign, malignant bone tumors and tumor-like lesions, was in tibia( p-value < .001)
Conclusion: There is male preponderance for bone lesions. Nonspecific osteomyelitis was most frequent non-neoplastic bone lesions. Among the bone tumors, osteochondroma and osteosarcoma were common. Tibia was the frequent site affected.

Keywords: bone, osteomyelitis, osteochondroma, osteosarcoma site

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