Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: January-March | Volume: 4 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 274-283
Factors Influencing Acute Respiratory Infection Incidence to Child Under Five Years in Sentani Health Primary Jayapura District
Yonece Wadi1, A.L. Rantetampang2, Bernard Sandjaja3, Anwar Mallongi4
1Magister Program of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih University, Jayapura.
2,3Lecturer of Master Program in Public Health. Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih University, Jayapura
4Environmental Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar
Corresponding Author: Anwar Mallongi
Background: Acute Respiratory Infection is a health problem that can cause death in infants. Various factors are caused by the sex of children under five, immunization status and nutritional status, parents (mother) include age, education, socio-economic, smoking habits in the home, burning garbage, the use of mosquito repellent.
Objective of the study: Evaluate what factors are related to the incidence of ARI in Sentani Health Center, Jayapura District, Papua Province.
Research Methods: Descriptive analytical cross sectional study design. The population of all under-fives was 232 toddlers and a sample of 70 under-fives was random sampling. Data were obtained using a questionnaire and analyzed using chi square and regression binary logistic.
Results: Factors related to ARI incidence in infants in Sentani Health Center were immunization status of children under five (p-value = 0.015; RP = 2.551; CI95% = (1,278 - 5,091), nutritional status of children (p-value = 0,000; RP = 5,359; CI95% = (2,818 - 10,191), education mother (p-value = 0,026; RP = 2,538; CI95% = (1,197 - 5,384), smoking habits (p-value = 0,000; RP = 18,391; CI95% = (4,659 - 72,601), habit of burning garbage in the home environment (p-value = 0,000; RP = 3,955; CI95% = (2,118 - 7,383), habit of using mosquito repellent (p-value = 0,000; Rp = 4,889; CI95%; = (2,532 - 9,331). Factors not related to the incidence of ARI in toddlers at Sentani Health Center are toddlers (p-value = 0,234; RP = 1,728; CI95% = (0,823 - 3,627), maternal age (p-value = 0.601; RP = 1,362; CI95% = (0,648 - 2,863), economic status (p-value = 0,332; RP = 1,593; CI95% = (0,766 - 3,313). The dominant factor in the incidence of ARI in infants is smoking in the household. mah, the habit of using mosquito repellent and the habit of burning garbage in the home environment.
Keywords: Acute, Respiratory, Infection, Child