Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: January-March | Volume: 4 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 171-180
The Risk Factors Environment and Behavior Influence Diarrhea Incidence to Child in Abepura Hospital Jayapura City
Irawati Magdalena1, A.L. Rantetampang2, Arry Pongtiku3, Anwar Mallongi4
1Magister Program of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih University, Jayapura.
2,3Lecturer of Master Program in Public Health. Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih University, Jayapura
4Environmental Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar.
Corresponding Author: Anwar Mallongi
Background: The incidence of diarrhea in children under five is still high in the world, including in Indonesia, which if experiencing delays causes death. Risk factors associated with the incidence of diarrhea in children under five are caused by age, education, employment, source of drinking water, type of toilet, landfill, habit of washing children's hands and giving measles immunization.
Objective: To find out the environmental and behavioral factors associated with the incidence of diarrhea in infants in Abepura Hospital Jayapura City.
Research Method: Analytical with case control design. The population was all mothers of children under five year who experienced diarrhea as many as 774 toddlers with a total sample of 48 cases and 96 controls. Data were obtained using questionnaires and analyzed using chi square and logistic binary regression
Results: Environmental and behavioral factors associated with the incidence of diarrhea in toddlers in Abepura Hospital were maternal education (p-value = 0.032; OR = 2.548; CI95% (1.156 - 5.616), type of toilet (p-value = 0.013; OR = 2.686; CI95 % (1,286 - 5,608) and hand washing habits (p-value = 0,016; OR = 2,556; CI95% (1,244 - 5,249). While factors not related to the incidence of diarrhea in infants in Abepura General Hospital are maternal age (p-value = 0,675; OR = 1,242; CI95% (0,610 - 2,529), mother's work (p-value = 0,943; OR = 1,130; CI95% (0,491 - 2,601), drinking water source (p-value = 1,000; OR = 0,935; CI95 % (0,385 - 2,259), landfill (p-value = 0,443; OR = 1,400; CI95% (0,696 - 2,818), measles immunization (p-value = 0,117; OR = 3,605; CI95% (0,824 - 15,776) The dominant factors related to the incidence of diarrhea in infants are the type of toilet and hand washing habits.
Keywords: Diarrhea Incidence, Toddlers, Abepura Hospital, Jayapura City