Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: October-December | Volume: 3 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 34-45
Risk Factors of Malaria Incidence in Working Areas Puskesmas Dawai District East Yapen Sub Province Kepulauan Yapen
Andi Raya Sarjatno1, A.L. Rantetampang2, Sarce Makaba3, Anwar Mallongi4
1Magister Program of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih University, Jayapura.
2,3Lecturer of Master Program in Public Health. Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih University, Jayapura.
4Environmental Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar.
Corresponding Author: Anwar Mallongi
Background: Malaria is one of a health problem in Papua. The government is trying to elimination malaria but the incidence of malaria is still high. Efforts to detect and prevent malaria events continue to be carried out for malaria elimination.
Research objective: To determine the risk factors for malaria in the Dawai Health Center in Yapen Timur District, Yapen Islands Regency
Research Methods: Analytical with case control study design. The population were who came to visit the Dawai Health Center, with a total sample of 30 people and 60 controls. Data were obtained using questionnaires, observations, medical record data from laboratory results and analyzed using chi square test and logistic binary regression.
Results: Factors that have no effect and risk are job variables (ρ-value = 0.501; OR = 1.496; CI95% = (0.620 - 3.605), education (ρ-value = 0.203; OR = 1.962; CI95% = (0,807 - 4,766), income (ρ-value = 0,941; OR = 0,875; CI95% = (0,364 - 2,105), distance of house (ρ-value = 0,110; OR = 2,286; CI95% = (0,933– 5,599) livestock cages (ρ-value = 0.708; OR = 1.308; CI95% = (0.543 - 3.150). Factors that have no effect but are at risk are standing water (ρ-value = 0.056; OR = 2.875; CI95% = (1,072-7,710) While the factors that influence and risk are the use of wire netting (ρ-value = 0.021; OR = 3.267; CI95% = (1.2283 - 8.316), the type of house wall (ρ-value = 0,021; OR = 3,217; CI95% = (1,282 - 8,076), use of mosquito nets (ρ-value = 0,009; OR = 3,754; CI95% = (1,469 - 9,994) using malaria mosquito repellent (ρ-value = 0.020; OR = 3.208; CI95% = (1,288 - 7,990), going out at night (ρ-value = 0,030; OR = 3,143; CI95% = (1,209 - 8,167). The dominant and risky factor is the use of wire netting, the distance of the house, the use of mosquito nets, using mosquito repellent and going out at night is the dominant factor with the risk of malaria.
Keywords: Risk Factors, Malaria Incidence