International Journal of Science and Healthcare Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2018 | Month: July-September | Volume: 3 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 153-159

A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Breathing Exercise in Lowering High Blood Pressure among Hypertensive Patients at General Hospital, Alnamas, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Dr. Eman Elsayed Hussein Mohammad, Dr. X. S. Blessing NimaSajai, Dr. Selvia Arokiya Mary

Applied Medical Science College for Females, Alnamas, University of Bisha

Corresponding Author: Dr. X. S. Blessing NimaSajai


Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known ashigh blood pressure (HBP), is along-termmedical condition in which the blood pressure in the is persistently elevated. High blood pressure is a major risk factor forcoronary artery disease strokeheart failureatrial fibrillati on peripheral vascular disease vision loss chronic kidney disease dementia. Hypertension has a major economic impact ranging from medical costs to human capital loss and decrease in productivity.The Global Burden of Disease 2010 (GBD 2010) study shows the estimation that hypertension was the leading risk factor for death in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Statistics shows that hypertension accounted for about 24% of total deaths from cardiovascular and circulatory diseases and 1.87% of total deaths from hypertensive urogenital, blood, and endocrine diseases. From 1990 to 2010 the burden of hypertension remained very high in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)Previous studies reported high levels of blood pressure in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). These levels ranged from 26.1% among individuals 30–70 years old in 1995–2000 to 25.5% among individuals 15–64 years old in 2005,A study was done to assess Effectiveness Of Breathing Exercise In Lowering High Blood Pressure Among Hypertensive Patients At General Hospital ,Alnamas, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. 80 patients were selected by convenient sampling method. Researcher’s convenience and familiarity with settings were added reason. The tool used for the study includes demographic data and vital signs assessment sheet & digital BP apparatus to assess the blood pressure. After collecting the data, the data analysis was done according to the objectives of the study using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The study findings reveals that   reveals that, Level of significance (P-value < 0.001) as suggested by “Paired t test”. The mean pre-test total level of hypertension Score before breathing exercise was 40 and mean post-test level of hypertension score was observed to be 26.66. The reduction in hypertension over breathing exercise (Mean = 13.34,) was significant at 5% .So the breathing exercise was effective on hypertensive patient. The findings revealed that there was significant association between hypertension level and age, gender, Education of the participant, Occupation of the participant, Duration since diagnosis of hypertension, Family history of diabetes mellitus. But there is no association between hypertension level and Religion, Marital status, Family income per –month.

Keywords: Assess, effectiveness, breathing exercise, hypertension, cardiovascular disease.

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