Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: July-September | Volume: 3 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 107-111
Assessment of Prescription Pattern of Infectious Diseases in Paediatric In-Patients Department of a Teaching Hospital
Miss. Aswathy M Shaji1, Mr. Abubaker Siddiq2, Dr. Bharathi D R3
1Pharm D Intern, 2Asst.Professor, Department of Pharmacology, 3Professor,
SJM College of Pharmacy, Chitradurga-577502
Corresponding Author: Miss. Aswathy M Shaji
Background: Pediatric infectious disease was mainly caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Antibiotics are strong and effective medicines, used to treat various infections. When antibiotics were first introduced, they were strong and efficient treatments for different infectious diseases.
Objectives: The objectives were to evaluate prescription pattern of antibiotics in infectious diseases and to identify the common routes of administration and also to identify the drug interactions.
Methodology: A prospective, hospital based study was conducted for a period of six months on 120 Pediatric subjects suffering from infectious diseases. A written informed assent was obtained from all the subject representatives before inclusion in the study. Patient demographics, laboratory data and treatment chart were reviewed. The study results were analyzed by descriptive statistical analysis.
Results: A total of 120 subjects aged up to 12 years data were collected. Out of 120 subjects, maximum number of subjects was admitted due to acute gastroenteritis. The common route of administration was parenteral in that 75% intravenous and 2.1% intramuscular. From this study we found that the most commonly interacting drugs were ceftriaxone +Amikacin (7.1%).
Conclusion: The study reveals that the most common infectious disease was acute gastroenteritis and the common antibiotic prescribed was Cephalosporin class. The common route of administration was Parenteral and the most common drug interactions were found between ceftriaxone + Amikacin.
Keywords: Infectious diseases, antibiotics, route of Administration, drug interactions.