International Journal of Science and Healthcare Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2018 | Month: April-June | Volume: 3 | Issue: 2 | Pages: 1-14

Prevalence, Pattern and Determinants of Contraceptive Use among Women of Reproductive Age (15-49 Years) In Rural Communities in Imo State, Nigeria

Chukwuma B. Duru1, Obiageli F. Emelumadu2, Anthony C. Iwu1, Ikechi Ohanle3, Chuka C. Agunwa3, Ernest Nwaigbo3, Emmanuel N. Ndukwu3

1Department of Community Medicine, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
2Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria
3Department of Community Medicine, Imo State University Teaching Hospital, Orlu Imo State, Nigeria
3Department of Community Medicine, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu state, Nigeria

Corresponding Author: Chukwuma B. Duru


Introduction: This rapid increase of population has an adverse effect on the national economy and also the increasing number of births has a deleterious effect on the health of the mother, which in turn hinders social and economic uplift of the family.
Aim: To assess the prevalence, pattern and determinants of contraceptive use among women of reproductive age in rural communities of Imo State, Nigeria.
Methodology: The study was a community based descriptive cross-sectional study involving 563 women of reproductive age who met the inclusion criteria and were selected using a multistage sampling technique.  The data was collected with a pretested, semi-structured and interviewer administered questionnaire and was analyzed using EPI-INFO version 3.2.1. A p–value ≤0.05 was considered significant.
Results: Most of the women, (96.1%) were aware of family planning and the common methods known were; injections (53.8%), condoms, (52.2%) and Intra Uterine Contraceptive Device, (33.2%).  The prevalence of ever use and current use of family planning was 42.5% and 19.4% respectively and the commonest ever and currently used method was the condom (43.9% vs 36.7%). Determinants of current contraceptive use in this study were; educational level of women and their partners, religion of women, family size and number of male children, ever use of contraceptive method, contraceptive knowledge, being able to access and pay for family planning services without partners financial support, prior discussion of family planning with partner, and partner being in support of modern family planning methods use.
Conclusion: Most of the determinants of contraceptive use found in this study can modified by appropriate intervention programs.

Keywords: Determinants, contraceptive use, women, rural communities, Imo state..

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